Enhanced Hydrogen Permeation in Nanocrystalline Proton Conducting Ceramics of the Form SrCeO3

Description:

Reference #: 00828

The University of South Carolina is offering licensing opportunities for this technology

Potential Applications:

Implementing this technology to create dense, nanocrystalline ceramics or thin films on porous supported substrates would result in enhanced hydrogen permeation membranes.

Advantages and Benefits:

Because electron conductivity has been demonstrated to be the limiting factor for hydrogen permeation, any increase in this value results in enhanced permeation:

  • In oxide structures exposed to a reducing hydrogen atmosphere, oxygen is removed from the SrCeO3 lattice due to solid/vapor equilibrium.

  • The resulting positively-charged oxygen vacancy is intrinsically compensated by an electron from the lattice (Ce+4 to Ce+3 reductions) to maintain a balance of charge.

  • It follows that the concentration of electrons and level of electronic conductivity is proportional to the oxygen non-stoichiometry. Smaller particles of SrCeO3 derived from solution synthesis routes lose more oxygen than larger particles, thus having higher levels of electronic conductivity.

Invention Description:

This invention provides a novel way to modify materials’ conductivity without changing the ratio of chemical constituents or adding secondary conductive phases by altering the materials’ microstructure. This concept has been proven on the bench test level by synthesizing SrCeO3 powders of various sizes and examining their physical structure and weight loss characteristics at elevated temperature under hydrogen-containing environments. The principle of electron compensation for oxygen vacancies indicates that nano-crystalline powders have enhanced electronic conductivity as compared to larger bulk counterparts.

Patent Information:
Title App Type Country Serial No. Patent No. File Date Issued Date Expire Date Patent Status
Proton Conducting Ceramics in Membrane Separations Utility United States 13/066,166 9,005,486 4/7/2011 4/14/2015    
For Information, Contact:
Technology Commercialization
University of South Carolina
technology@sc.edu
Inventors:
Fanglin Chen
Kyle Brinkman
Paul Korinko
Elise Fox
Thad Adams
Keywords:
© 2018. All Rights Reserved. Powered by Inteum